Fossils

Pterosaur Tail Vane or Flange

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flying creature roughly sketched by eyewitness Sandra Paradise

Rhamphorhynchoid Tail Structure Modern pterosaur eyewitnesses often report a structure at the end of the long tail of the flying creature, with different witnesses using different words for the structure: diamond (many sightings, including Michigan, 2007) lemon shape (Indiana, about 2006) sail (Texas, about 1982) spade (Kentucky, 2008 and North Carolina in 2013) spike (New Mexico, […]

Book

Modern Flying Dragons

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Cover of a nonfiction paleontology book about pterosaurs and their fossils

How do flying dragons relate to pterosaurs? Old stories and ancient history—those contain the word “dragon,” and some of the accounts involve large creatures that fly, and sometimes those flying creatures resemble pterosaurs, at least to some extent. Peter Wellnhofer works at the Bavarian State Collection for Palaeontology and Geology in Munich, a research institute. He […]

Africa Sightings

Pterosaur Eyewitness Reliability

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village huts in Sudan, Africa

I’ve not yet seen with my own eyes a living pterosaur. I explored a remote island in Papua New Guinea in 2004 but failed to see the ropen. I walked through a wildlife reserve in Orange County, California, in 2008, but failed to see the ropen-like flying creature. I set up a game camera in Lakewood, […]

Fossils

Modern Pterosaur Expert

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I have no desire to beat dead fossil bones into dust; paleontology has a critical role in understanding pterosaurs. Acknowledging the countless contributions of paleontologists (especially experts on pterosaurs) who have taught us much about those flying creatures of the past, however, I still lift up the modern eyewitness, pointing to the human experience of encountering a modern pterosaur. But does […]

Fossils

Only One Kind of Discovery for Smithsonian

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Regarding pterosaurs, the only kind of discovery allowed by the Smithsonian is the fossil kind. Apparently no number of eyewitness accounts of living pterosaurs can sway their minds. It’s been many months since Brian Switek’s Smithsonian Magazine online post, “Don’t Get Strung Along by the Ropen Myth,” but they have not budged from their dogmatic […]

Africa Sightings

Kongamato Crossing the Atlantic?

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With the right winds, butterflies can sometimes get across the Atlantic Ocean, at least from North America to Ireland. So could a kongamato get across the Atlantic from Africa? I like to think of it from another perspective: Could a species of large pterosaur be prevented from crossing the Atlantic if countless of the flying […]

Fossils

Science and Pterosaur Extinction

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During my eight years of investigating reports of living pterosaurs, I never suggested that no species of pterosaur is extinct, that all of them are alive; I have simply maintained that not all species are extinct. The fossil evidence of many species (however long ago those flying creatures flew), combined with the rarity of sighting reports, […]

Fossils

Recommended Pterosaur Sites

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The following are at least somewhat popular and at least above average in quality. Of course they are all friendly to the concept that some species of pterosaurs may still be living on this planet. Pterosaur Is it really meaningless to the credibility of standard models whether or not all species of pterosaurs are extinct? […]

Fossils

Pterosaur fossils and eyewitnesses

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“Fossils are evidence of life, not extinction.” This deserves more attention, in light of the many testimonies of many eyewitnesses. Here is part of the text from the page Live Pterosaurs: How often are dinosaurs and pterosaurs depicted as ancient creatures that became extinct millions of years ago! It was not from “modern science” that we got […]

Fossils

Challenges to live-pterosaur investigations

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What is the biggest problem faced by those who search for living pterosaurs and try to bring their investigations to light? Being attacked by a large ropen—that is not even close to the top of the list. Personal financial sacrifice, as in using personal savings to travel to Papua New Guinea—that is one challenge. The most […]

Fossils

Foxes, paleontologists, and cryptids

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Please understand my intentions with the following humor, for I do not downplay the importance of paleontologists; they are essential, the experts in learning from fossils. But the fox has his or her own specialty and the paleontologist likewise. The point? Cryptids are outside paleontology and an apparent lack of fossils in certain categories of strata should not be […]

Fossils

Fossils are evidence of life, not extinction

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I know of three paleontologists who have openly criticized living-pterosaur investigations. So how do I answer the Mesozoic objection? Let’s examine specific comments from specific paleontologists. Darren Naish criticized the idea of extant pterosaurs in a late-2007 online post. He believes that there are “no indications from the fossil record that pterosaurs survived beyond the end […]

Fossils

Science and modern pterosaurs

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Something in our Western culture seems to say “unscientific,” whenever the subject of modern living pterosaurs comes up. It’s not the countless fossils sitting on countless shelves in countless laboratories and museums, for countless fossils are very similar to presently-living organisms. Could it be that we have been indoctrinated, for generations, into the idea that […]

Fossils

Why believe in extinction?

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A common objection to the idea of living pterosaurs is simply “they all became extinct millions of years ago.” But why should anyone believe that extinction idea? In Western countries, in particular the United States, universal extinctions of dinosaurs and pterosaurs is drilled into us from kindergarden onwards. No reasons for total extinction are offered, […]